ABOUT THIS PARAMETER

soil organic carbon biomass density

The amount of soil organic carbon per unit area.

Used to calculate:soil organic matter

Varies by: ecosystem

Used ecosystem Reference Location: Ecosystem
(study period)
Value Units Notes
* Agricultural field / vegetable garden Pouyat et al. 2002 Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems Northeast, USA: Cropland () 6 kg / m2 This value is the soil carbon density of Northeast croplands at 1 m depth.
* Airfield Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Airport terminal Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Alley Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Apartment building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Beach Lichter - PRIMARY SUCCESSION AND FOREST DEVELOPMENT ONCOASTAL LAKE MICHIGAN SAND DUNES Michigan: Beach (1996-1998) 34.7 Mg / ha
* Bike lane Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Bioswale Colwell 2000- Characterization of Performance Predictors and Evaluation of Mowing Practices in Biofiltration Swales WA, USA: urban area (1999-2000) 2.4 % (0 - 100)
* Boulevard (arterial) Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Bridge Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Camp Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 kg / m2
* Cemetery Robinson & Lundholm 2012 Ecosystem services provided by urban spontaneous vegetation Halifax Regional Municipality, Canada: Lawn (2007) 5.4 % (0 - 100) We assume the same soil organic carbon biomass density as that of a lawn.
* Cistern / rain barrels Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Cliffs and rock outcrops de Gruchy et al. 2005 Biomass, productivity, and dominance... Bruce Peninsula National Park Bruce Peninsula National Park, Ontario, Canada: Carbonate open cliff (June - September 1999) 32.33 % (0 - 100)
Cliffs and rock outcrops de Gruchy et al. 2005 Biomass, productivity, and dominance... Bruce Peninsula National Park Bruce Peninsula National Park, Ontario, Canada: Carbonate treed cliff (June - September 1999) 41.08 % (0 - 100)
Cliffs and rock outcrops Yuan 2006 Soil and vegetation on cliffs of abandoned quarries Southern China: Quarries (2003-2006) 1.22 % (0 - 100)
* Cogeneration plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Compost bin Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 100 kg / m2
* Computer data center Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Cottages / Mobile home Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Deep water estuary Day 1979 Litter accumulation...Dismal Swamp VA Mixed hardwood site: Hardwood swamp (1977) 0.0029 g / m2
* Derelict structures Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Diesel power plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Disturbed Land Pouyat et al. 2002 Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems Brooklyn, NY: Urban () 5.14 kg / m2 This value is the carbon density of soil in urban land which is neither undisturbed nor residential.
Disturbed Land Robinson & Lundholm 2012 Ecosystem services provided by urban spontaneous vegetation Halifax Regional Municipality, Canada: Spontaneous urban vegetation (2007) 4.3 % (0 - 100)
* Eelgrass meadow U.S. EPA 2012 - INVENTORY OF U.S. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS AND SINKS: 1990-2010 United States: All () 51 metric tons / ha This value represents the carbon stock in aquic soils in warm temperate, most climate regions. C stocks are for the top 30 cm of the soil profile.
* Elevated train Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Estuary Day 1979 Litter accumulation...Dismal Swamp VA Mixed hardwood site: Hardwood swamp (1977) 0.0029 g / m2 This value was calculated at an old dredging site.
* Factory Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Freshwater marsh Jervis - Primary Production in the Freshwater Marsh Ecosystem of Troy Meadows New Jersey Troy Meadows, New Jersey: Freshwater Marsh (1956-1966) 49.42 % (0 - 100)
Freshwater marsh Jervis - Primary Production in the Freshwater Marsh Ecosystem of Troy Meadows New Jersey Troy Meadows, New Jersey: Freshwater Marsh (1956-1966) 65.14 % (0 - 100)
* Fuel storage tank Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Garage Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Gas station Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Geothermal pump Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Graywater recycling Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Greenhouse / vertical farm Scharenbroch 2011. A microcosm study of the common night crawler earthworm and physical, chemical and biological properties of a designed urban soil Chicago: Greenhouse () 8.83 % (0 - 100) Study done on designed urban soil (Cornell University) for greenhouses / urban rooftops.
* Green roof Getter et al. 2009 Carbon sequestration potential of extensive green roofs Mean of eight green roofs in Michigan and Maryland: green roof () 913 g C / m2 This value refers to the soil organic carbon biomass density of fabricated substrate typically used on green roofs.
* Hardwood swamp Schlesinger 1977 CARBON BALANCE IN TERRESTRIAL DETRITUS USA: northern hardwood () 68.6 kg C / m2
* Heavy rail line Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Hemlock – northern hardwood forest Smith et al. 2006 Methods for calculating forest ecosystem ... carbon Northeast US: Oak-hickory forest (125 year old stand) 53.1 Mg / ha
Hemlock – northern hardwood forest Fisher & Likens 1973 - Energy Flow in Bear Brook, New Hampshire: An Integrative Approach to Stream Ecosystem Metabolism Bear Brook, NH: Mature hardwood forest (1968-1970) 550 g / m2
* High salt marsh Craft, Christopher 2007 Freshwater input structures soil properties, vertical accretion, and nutrient accumulation of Georgia and U.S. tidal marshes United States: salt marsh (2007) 240 g C / m2 / year used brackish, less salinity; not flooded regularly like low salt marshes
* Highway Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Hospital Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Hotel Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Landfill Pouyat et al. 2002 Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems Staten Island, NY: Urban () 20.4 kg / m2 This value is the soil organic C density of a refuse in Queens, NY.
Landfill Pouyat et al. 2002 Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems Queens, NY: Urban () 13.9 kg / m2 This value is the soil organic C density of a refuse in Queens, NY.
* Lawn Pouyat et al. 2002 Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems Baltimore, MD: Urban () 12.2 kg / m2 This value represents the mean soil organic carbon density of residential grass in Baltimore, MD.
* Light rail line Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Low salt marsh Craft, Christopher 2007 Freshwater input structures soil properties, vertical accretion, and nutrient accumulation of Georgia and U.S. tidal marshes United States: salt marsh (2007) 190 g C / m2 / year salt marsh
* Meadow Huston 2009. The global distribution of net primary production: resolving the paradox Global: Temperate Grasslands () 13 Mg / ha Current estimate of biomass (not historic)
* Mixed use: office / residential building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Mixed use: restaurant / office building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Mixed use: restaurant / residential building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Mixed use: restaurant / retail building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Mixed use: retail / office building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Mixed use: retail / residential building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Natural gas power plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Oak hickory forest Pouyat et al. 2002 Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems Baltimore, MD : Forest plots () 1.18 mg / m2 This value is the mean soil bulk density of forest plots in Baltimore. The data was recorded at a depth of 15 cm within circular plots with radii of 11.35 meters.
* Office building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Orchard Pouyat et al. 2002 Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States, US: Urban landscape () 6 kg / m2 This value is the soil carbon density of Northeast croplands at 1 m depth.
* Ornamental garden Pouyat et al. 2002 Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States, US: Urban landscape () 15.5 kg / m2 This value is the carbon density of residential urban soils at 1 meter depth.
* Parking lot Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Park savanna Scharenbroch & Lloyd 2006- Particulate Organic Matter and Soil Nitrogen Availability in Urban Landscapes Moscow, ID & Pullman, WA: urban area (2002-2003) 15.942 kg / m2
* Paved ball field/court Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Pedestrian bridge Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 kg / m2
* Pedestrian street / plaza Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Permeable pavers Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Photovoltaic panels Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Pier Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Pond Jervis - Primary Production in the Freshwater Marsh Ecosystem of Troy Meadows New Jersey Troy Meadows, New Jersey: Freshwater Marsh (1956-1966) 64.39 % (0 - 100)
* Public assembly hall Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
Puddles on hardtops NULL REFERENCE NULL REFERENCE LOCATON: NULL ECOSYSTEM (NULL STUDY PERIOD) None DUMMY UNIT
* Restaurant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Retail building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* School or university Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Sewage treatment plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Shrub land Hibbard et. al. 2005 - An Analysis of Soil Respiration across Northern Hemisphere Temperate Ecosystems 38.43N 120.97W: Woodland/shrubland () 4847 g C / m2
* Sidewalk Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 kg / m2
* Single family home Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Solar energy facility Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Solar heating panels Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Solid waste transfer plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Stadium Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2 assumes artificial turf
* Stream Fisher & Likens 1973 - Energy Flow in Bear Brook, New Hampshire: An Integrative Approach to Stream Ecosystem Metabolism Bear Brook, NH: Stream (1968-1970) 550 g / m2 "stream sediments"
* Streetcar line Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Street (collector) Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Street trees Scharenbroch & Lloyd 2006- Particulate Organic Matter and Soil Nitrogen Availability in Urban Landscapes Moscow, ID & Pullman, WA: urban area (2002-2003) 13.83 kg / m2
* Subway Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Swimming pool Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Tidal energy facility Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Traffic slowed street Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Trail Pouyat R. V. et al. 2006 Carbon Storage by Urban Soils in the United States Baltimore, MD: Urban Area () 3.3 kg / m2 This value represents the estimated soil organic carbon density of both impervious and barren land use.
* Tunnel Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Utility yard Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Warehouse Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Waste energy power plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Water treatment plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Water/wastewater storage tank Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2
* Wind farm Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2

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