ABOUT THIS PARAMETER

The amount of energy used for cooking per unit area per year.

Used to calculate:fossil fuels consumed and biomass fuels consumed

Used | use | lifestyle | Reference | Location: Ecosystem (study period) |
Value | Units | Notes |
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* | Agricultural use | Average American | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Agricultural use | Average Earthling | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Agricultural use | Average New Yorker | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Agricultural use | Eco-conscious | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Agricultural use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Mannahatta () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Factory / industrial use | Average American | U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 2011- Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: Facts and Figures | US: All (2010) | 0 | Btu / ft2 / year | We assume a similar amount of energy is spent for cooking in industrial uses as in warehouse uses. |

* | Factory / industrial use | Average Earthling | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Factory / industrial use | Average New Yorker | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Factory / industrial use | Eco-conscious | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Factory / industrial use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Mannahatta () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Garage / storage use | Average American | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 0 | Btu / ft2 / year | |

* | Garage / storage use | Average Earthling | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Garage / storage use | Average New Yorker | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Garage / storage use | Eco-conscious | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Garage / storage use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Mannahatta () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Hotel use | Average American | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 3200 | Btu / ft2 / year | This value refers to annual cooking energy consumption. |

* | Hotel use | Average Earthling | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 3200 | Btu / ft2 / year | This value is assumed to be the same as the Average American. |

* | Hotel use | Average New Yorker | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 3200 | Btu / ft2 / year | We assume the same cooking energy consumption rate density as that of an average American. |

* | Hotel use | Eco-conscious | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 3200 | Btu / ft2 / year | We assume the same cooking energy consumption rate density as that of the average New Yorker and average American. This value refers to annual cooking energy consumption. |

* | Hotel use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Mannahatta () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Hunter / gatherer use | Average American | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Hunter / gatherer use | Average Earthling | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Hunter / gatherer use | Average New Yorker | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Hunter / gatherer use | Eco-conscious | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Hunter / gatherer use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Mannahatta () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Office use | Average American | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 300 | Btu / ft2 / year | |

* | Office use | Average Earthling | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 300 | Btu / ft2 / year | Due to a lack of global cooking energy consumption data, we have assumed the same cooking energy consumption rate density as that of the United States for this use. |

* | Office use | Average New Yorker | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | We assume that the energy used for cooking in offices is negligible |

Office use | Average New Yorker | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 300 | Btu / ft2 / year | We have assumed the same value as average American. | |

* | Office use | Eco-conscious | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | We are assuming that this lifestyle brings his or her cold lunch to work. |

* | Office use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Mannahatta () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Public assembly use | Average American | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 800 | Btu / ft2 / year | |

* | Public assembly use | Average Earthling | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 800 | Btu / ft2 / year | Due to a lack of global cooking energy consumption data, we have assumed the same cooking energy consumption rate density as that of the United States for this use. |

* | Public assembly use | Average New Yorker | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Public assembly use | Eco-conscious | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Public assembly use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Residential use | Average American | Canning et al. 2010 Energy Use in the U.S. Food System | USA: Residential households (2001) | 11.5 | kWh / m2 / yr | Canning et al. (2010) indicates that in 2001 that cooking energy consumption consisted of 26% of residential household electricity consumption, 3% of natural gas consumption, and 1.6% of liquified petroleum gas consumption. The 2001 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (http://www.eia.gov/consumption/residential/data/2001/) Table CE1-9c for the Northeast region indicates that average household annual consumption was 2027 kWh of electricity, 2.25 thousand cubic feet of natural gas, and 3 gallons of LPG. Taking the given percentages of these fuel types, and converting to kWh, leads to an estimated cooking energy consumption of 2706 kWh/household. The 2001 RECS also gives the average single family American house as 2527 square feet, which allows us to estimate that cooking energy consumption as 11.5 kWh/m2/yr. |

* | Residential use | Average Earthling | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 198.4 | kWh / m2 / yr | If we follow Haberl (2001)'s study of the San Saeng area of Thailand with cooking energy consumption of 5 GJ/person/yr and follow UN (2000) with a residential density of 0.142857 persons/m2, then we can estimate cooking energy consumption at 198.4 kWh/m2/yr |

Residential use | Average Earthling | Haberl 2001 The Energetic Metabolism of Societies: Part II: Empirical Estimates | Global: All () | 5 | GJ / capita / yr | from a field study in Sang Saeng, a predominantly agricultural village in northeastern Thailand that is currently in the process of rapid industrialization | |

* | Residential use | Average New Yorker | Canning et al. 2010 Energy Use in the U.S. Food System | USA: Residential households (2001) | 34.3 | kWh / m2 / yr | Canning et al. (2010) indicates that in 2001 that cooking energy consumption consisted of 26% of residential household electricity consumption, 3% of natural gas consumption, and 1.6% of liquified petroleum gas consumption. The 2001 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (http://www.eia.gov/consumption/residential/data/2001/) Table CE1-9c for the Northeast region indicates that average household annual consumption was 2027 kWh of electricity, 2.25 thousand cubic feet of natural gas, and 3 gallons of LPG. Taking the given percentages of these fuel types, and converting to kWh, leads to an estimated cooking energy consumption of 2706 kWh/household. The 2001 RECS also gives the average livable space of an apartment in a building with 5 or more units as 847 square feet, which allows us to estimate that cooking energy consumption as 34.3 kWh/m2/yr. |

Residential use | Average New Yorker | Global Energy Partners Project Managers 2010- Energy Efficiency Potential Study for Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Volume 2: Electric Potential Report | New York: urban landscape (2005-2009) | 0.936 | kWh / m2 / yr | This value was calculated under the assumption that the average two-bedroom apartment in New York City is 125 square meters based on Miller (2010). | |

* | Residential use | Eco-conscious | Global Energy Partners Project Managers 2010- Energy Efficiency Potential Study for Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Volume 2: Electric Potential Report | New York: urban landscape (2005-2009) | 0.936 | kWh / m2 / yr | We assume the same cooking energy consumption rate density as that of the average New Yorker. This value was calculated under the assumption that the average two-bedroom apartment in New York City is 125 square meters based on Miller (2010). |

* | Residential use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Mannahatta () | 23.022818 | kWh / m2 / yr | Following Haberl (2001), if we assume 3.5 GJ/capita/yr and residential density following Fletcher (1995) of 2.2 people/1000 sq ft, and if all the firewood is used in residents, then we estimate a energy demand of 23 kWh/m2/yr |

Residential use | Lenape Person | Geller & Dutt 1983- Wood Fuel Surveys- Annex III | South India: rural () | 8 | GJ / capita / yr | See details in Tables III-6, 7, 8 | |

Residential use | Lenape Person | Haberl 2001 The Energetic Metabolism of Societies: Part II: Empirical Estimates | Global: All () | 3.5 | GJ / capita / yr | Quoting from Haberl (2001): "The use of fire by early humans is of great significance, as it seems to constitute the only share of final energy use by hunter-gatherers not flowing through the human organism (tools, clothes, etc. are a “nonenergy” use; see Part I) and thus are part of the “exosomatic” (Boyden 1992; Georgescu-Roegen 1971; Lotka 1925) energy flow of early human societies. Probably nobody will ever be able to reconstruct how much firewood any specific prehistoric hunter-gatherer society used. Additionally, the extent of the use of fire would have depended largely on variable local environmental conditions, so that results for any specific study site cannot be extrapolated. In the absence of better estimates, I follow Boyden in assuming rather arbitrarily a value of 3.5 GJ/cap/yr (Boyden 1992, 80)." | |

* | Restaurant use | Average American | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 8600 | Btu / ft2 / year | |

* | Restaurant use | Average Earthling | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 8600 | Btu / ft2 / year | Due to a lack of global cooking energy consumption data, we have assumed the same cooking energy consumption rate density as that of the United States for this use. |

* | Restaurant use | Average New Yorker | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 8600 | Btu / ft2 / year | Assumed to be the same as average american. |

* | Restaurant use | Eco-conscious | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 8600 | Btu / ft2 / year | Assumed to be the same as average American. |

* | Restaurant use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Mannahatta () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Retail use | Average American | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 600 | Btu / ft2 / year | |

* | Retail use | Average Earthling | U.S. Department of Energy 2012 - 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book | US: Buildings (2010) | 600 | Btu / ft2 / year | |

* | Retail use | Average New Yorker | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 600 | Btu / ft2 / year | We have assumed the same value as an average American. |

* | Retail use | Eco-conscious | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Retail use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Transportation use | Average American | U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 2011- Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: Facts and Figures | US: All (2010) | 0 | Btu / ft2 / year | We assume a similar amount of energy is spent for cooking in transportation uses as in warehouse uses. |

* | Transportation use | Average Earthling | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Transportation use | Average New Yorker | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Transportation use | Eco-conscious | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr | |

* | Transportation use | Lenape Person | Assumed | New York City: Urban Area () | 0 | kWh / m2 / yr |