ABOUT THIS PARAMETER

net primary productivity

Net primary productivity is a measure of how much energy is captured through photosynthesis and converted to plant biomass. Net primary productivity is photosynthesis minus respiration.

Used to calculate:plant growth

Varies by: ecosystem

Used ecosystem Reference Location: Ecosystem
(study period)
Value Units Notes
* Agricultural field / vegetable garden Lambers et. al. 1998 - Plant Physiological Ecology Global: Cultivated Land () 290 g C / m2 / year This value is the mean net primary productivity estimate for cultivated land worldwide.
* Airfield Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Airport terminal Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Alley Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Apartment building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Beach Lichter - PRIMARY SUCCESSION AND FOREST DEVELOPMENT ONCOASTAL LAKE MICHIGAN SAND DUNES Michigan: Beach (1996-1998) 21.3 g C / m2 / year This value is the average annual rate of accumulation of carbon in living biomass (aboveground and belowground).
Beach Lambers et. al. 1998 - Plant Physiological Ecology Global: Rock, ice, and sand () 1.5 g C / m2 / year This value is the mean net primary productivity estimate for rock, ice, and sand worldwide.
* Bike lane Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Bioswale de Gruchy et al. 2005 Biomass, productivity, and dominance... Bruce Peninsula National Park Bruce Peninsula National Park, Ontario, Canada: Meadow marsh (June - September 1999) 322 g / m2 / year This value assumes the same net primary productivity as a freshwater marsh.
* Boulevard (arterial) Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Bridge Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Camp Baker et al. 2007 Effect of consumption choices on fluxes of CNP through households Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN: Household (Early 2000s) 97 g C / m2 / year We assume the same net primary productivity as that of a lawn. This value refers to a lawn that had no management.
* Cemetery Baker et al. 2007 Effect of consumption choices on fluxes of CNP through households Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN: Household (Early 2000s) 230 g C / m2 / year This value refers to the net primary productivity of a moderately fertilized lawn with clippings removed.
* Cistern / rain barrels Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Cliffs and rock outcrops de Gruchy et al. 2005 Biomass, productivity, and dominance... Bruce Peninsula National Park Bruce Peninsula National Park, Ontario, Canada: Carbonate open cliff (June - September 1999) 17 g / m2 / year Total productivity
Cliffs and rock outcrops de Gruchy et al. 2005 Biomass, productivity, and dominance... Bruce Peninsula National Park Bruce Peninsula National Park, Ontario, Canada: Carbonate treed cliff (June - September 1999) 83 g C / m2 / year This value refers to the total productivity.
* Cogeneration plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Compost bin Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Computer data center Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Cottages / Mobile home Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Deep water estuary Kirchman, David L. 2011 Processes in Microbial Ecology- Ch. 4 Microbial primary production and phototrophy Global: deep water estuary (2011) 125 g C / m2 / year
* Derelict structures Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Diesel power plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Disturbed Land Hutchison & Henry 2010- Additive Effects of Warming and Increased Nitrogen Deposition in a Temperate Old Field: Plant Productivity and the Importance of Winter London, Ontario, Canada: old field (2006-2008) 707 g / m2 / year This value refers to aboveground productivity and root biomass.
Disturbed Land Mellinger & McNaughton 1975 - Structure and Function of Successional Vascular Plant Communities in Central New York Onondaga County, New York: Old field () 2366.76816 g / m2 / year This value is the average community net productivity in dry weight. We converted g/m2/day to g/m2/year in order to receive an annual value.
* Eelgrass meadow Nelson & Waaland 1997 Seasonality of eelgrass, epiphyte, and grazer biomass.... San Juan Islands, Washington: Eelgrass meadows (July 1990 - July 1992) 1767 g / m2 / year annual production
* Elevated train Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Estuary Howarth et al. 2006 - Wastewater and Watershed Influences etc. Lower Hudson River Estuary: Estuary () 270 g / m2 / year Pre-European settlement estimate for gross primary productivity
Estuary Taylor et al. 2003 - Planktonic Carbon Cycling and Transport etc. Haverstraw Bay ("HB"): Estuary (1996 -1998) 121839.08 mol C / m2 / year This value is the annual rate of net production of dissolved inorganic carbon (mol C/year/m2). We calculated this value by taking the net production (mol C/yr), dividing it by the area of study (km2), and then converting this value to mol C/m2/year. This value is for the segment of the lower Hudson River Estuary from Haverstraw Bay to the Verrazano Narrows.
* Factory Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Freshwater marsh Jervis - Primary Production in the Freshwater Marsh Ecosystem of Troy Meadows New Jersey Troy Meadows, New Jersey: Freshwater Marsh (1956-1966) 1665.63 g / m2 / year This value is the average annual net primary productivity of four freshwater marshes
Freshwater marsh de Gruchy et al. 2005 Biomass, productivity, and dominance... Bruce Peninsula National Park Bruce Peninsula National Park, Ontario, Canada: Cattail marsh (June - September 1999) 83 g / m2 / year Total productivity
Freshwater marsh de Gruchy et al. 2005 Biomass, productivity, and dominance... Bruce Peninsula National Park Bruce Peninsula National Park, Ontario, Canada: Meadow marsh (June - September 1999) 322 g / m2 / year Total productivity
Freshwater marsh Mitsch 1993 Wetlands Sedge Meadow, New York - high: Freshwater Marsh (1977) 1078 g / m2 / year This value is the lowest reported net primary productivity for species Larex lacustris in a Sedge meadow in New York.
Freshwater marsh Mitsch 1993 Wetlands Sedge Meadow, New York - high: Freshwater Marsh (1977) 1741 g / m2 / year This value is the highest reported net primary productivity for species Larex lacustris in a Sedge meadow in New York.
* Fuel storage tank Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Garage Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Gas station Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Geothermal pump Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Graywater recycling Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2 / yr
* Greenhouse / vertical farm Lambers et. al. 1998 - Plant Physiological Ecology Global: Cultivated Land () 290 g C / m2 / year We assume the same NPP as that of cultivated land used for agriculture. This value represents the mean net primary productivity for cultivated land worldwide.
* Green roof Coffman 2007- Vegetated Roof Systems: Design, Productivity, Retention, Habitat, and Sustainability in Green Roof and Ecoroof Technology Columbus, OH: green roof (Spring 2004) 72 g C / m2 / year This value refers to extensive green roof types, which have soil substrates less than 15 cm deep.
Green roof Coffman 2007- Vegetated Roof Systems: Design, Productivity, Retention, Habitat, and Sustainability in Green Roof and Ecoroof Technology Columbus, OH: green roof (Spring 2004) 193 g C / m2 / year This value refers to the productivity of intensive green roofs, which have soil substrate depths greater than 30 cm deep.
* Hardwood swamp Batzer et. al. 2007 - Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands South Carolina: Riverine Wetland Bottomland hardwood () 845 g / m2 / year This value is the annual aboveground net primary productivity.
Hardwood swamp Batzer et. al. 2007 - Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands Kentucky: Riverine Wetlands Bottomland Hardwood () 1334 g / m2 / year This value is the annual aboveground net primary productivity.
Hardwood swamp Batzer et. al. 2007 - Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands Louisiana : Riverine Wetlands Bottomland hardwood () 1374 g / m2 / year This value is the annual aboveground net primary productivity.
* Heavy rail line Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Hemlock – northern hardwood forest Lambers et. al. 1998 - Plant Physiological Ecology Global: Temperate Deciduous Forest () 540 g C / m2 / year This value is the mean net primary productivity estimate for Temperate Deciduous Forests worldwide.
* High salt marsh Long, Mason 1983 - Saltmarsh Ecology New York: Salt marsh () 1790 g / m2 / year
* Highway Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Hospital Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Hotel Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Landfill Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Lawn Falk 1980 - The Primary Productivity of Lawns in a Temperate Environment The Smithsonian Institution, Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies, Washington D.C.: Lawn () 1649.3 g / m2 / year This value was the net primary productivity of Site B which was well maintained and fertilized at a rate of 550 kg/ha.
Lawn Baker et al. 2007 Effect of consumption choices on fluxes of CNP through households Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN: Household (Early 2000s) 427 g C / m2 / year This is the net primary productivity of a lawn which was highly fertilized and whose clippings were left on.
Lawn Falk 1980 - The Primary Productivity of Lawns in a Temperate Environment The Smithsonian Institution, Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies, Washington D.C.: Lawn () 1669.2 g / m2 / year This value is the net primary productivity of Site A which was a 10-year-old lawn that had never been irrigated or fertilized and was cut about every two weeks during the growing season.
Lawn Dorney et al. 1984 Composition and structure of an urban woody plant community Shorewood, WI: Suburbia (Spring 1980) 2.75 metric tons per hectare per year
Lawn Baker et al. 2007 Effect of consumption choices on fluxes of CNP through households Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN: Household (Early 2000s) 347 g C / m2 / year This is the net primary productivity of a lawn which was highly fertilized and whose clippings were removed.
Lawn Baker et al. 2007 Effect of consumption choices on fluxes of CNP through households Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN: Household (Early 2000s) 230 g C / m2 / year This is the net primary productivity of a lawn which was moderately fertilized and whose clippings were removed.
Lawn Baker et al. 2007 Effect of consumption choices on fluxes of CNP through households Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN: Household (Early 2000s) 97 g C / m2 / year This is the net primary productivity of a lawn that had no management.
Lawn Baker et al. 2007 Effect of consumption choices on fluxes of CNP through households Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN: Household (Early 2000s) 283 g C / m2 / year This is the net primary productivity of a lawn which was moderately fertilized. Its clippings were left on the lawn.
* Light rail line Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Low salt marsh Long, Mason 1983 - Saltmarsh Ecology New York: Salt marsh () 1790 g / m2 / year
* Meadow Huston 2009. The global distribution of net primary production: resolving the paradox Global: Temperate Grasslands () 393 g C / m2 / year Current estimate (not historic)
* Mixed use: office / residential building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Mixed use: restaurant / office building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Mixed use: restaurant / residential building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Mixed use: restaurant / retail building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 kg / m2 / yr
* Mixed use: retail / office building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Mixed use: retail / residential building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Natural gas power plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Oak hickory forest Lambers et. al. 1998 - Plant Physiological Ecology Global: Temperate Deciduous Forest () 540 g C / m2 / year This value is the mean net primary productivity estimate for Temperate Deciduous Forests worldwide.
* Office building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Orchard Faqi et. al. 2007 - Net primary production and nutrient cycling in an apple orchard Loess Plateau, China: Apple Orchard () 5.93 short tons/ ha / year This is the net primary productivity of qinguan apples.
Orchard Faqi et. al. 2007 - Net primary production and nutrient cycling in an apple orchard Loess Plateau, China: Apple Orchard () 3.97 short tons/ ha / year This is the net primary productivity of a fuji apple orchard.
* Ornamental garden Dorney et al. 1984 Composition and structure of an urban woody plant community Shorewood, WI: Suburbia (Spring 1980) 0.49 kg / m2 / yr
Ornamental garden Esser et al. 2000. Osnabrück Net Primary Productivity Data Set USA (34 deg latitude/-118 deg longitude): Pasture (1966) 2720 g / m2 / year Total net primary productivity. Data from Adegbola, A.R., et al. 1966, for Cynodon dactylon fertilized pasture
Ornamental garden Esser et al. 2000. Osnabrück Net Primary Productivity Data Set USA: Pasture (1965) 2600 g / m2 / year Total net primary productivity. Data from Ashley, D.A., et al. 1965 for irrigated and fertilized, Cynodon dactylon dominated pasture
* Parking lot Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Park savanna Nowak, David and Crane, Daniel 2001 Carbon storage and sequestration by urban trees in the USA United States: ecological (2001) 120 g C / m2 / year
* Paved ball field/court Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Pedestrian bridge Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Pedestrian street / plaza Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Permeable pavers Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Photovoltaic panels Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Pier Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Pond Lindeman 1942 Trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology Lake Mendota, Wisconsin: Temperate lake (1930s-1940s) 480 g / cm2 / year Net productivity. Original units: g-cal/cm2/year
Pond Lindeman 1942 Trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology Cedar Bog Lake, Minnesota: Eutrophic lake (1930s-1940s) 111.3 g / cm2 / year Net productivity. Original units: g-cal/cm2/year
Pond Westlake 1963 Comparison of Plant Productivity Lake Erken, Sweden: Eutrophic lake (1954) 2 metric tons per hectare per year annual mean productivity (dry weight); mid-point value between 1.5 - 2.5 mt/ha-year; includes diatoms
* Public assembly hall Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
Puddles on hardtops NULL REFERENCE NULL REFERENCE LOCATON: NULL ECOSYSTEM (NULL STUDY PERIOD) None DUMMY UNIT
* Restaurant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Retail building Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* School or university Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Sewage treatment plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Shrub land Lambers et. al. 1998 - Plant Physiological Ecology Global: Woodland and shrubland () 270 g C / m2 / year This value is the mean net primary productivity estimate for woodland and shrubland worldwide.
* Sidewalk Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Single family home Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Solar energy facility Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Solar heating panels Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Solid waste transfer plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Stadium Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g / cm2 / year
* Stream Lambers et. al. 1998 - Plant Physiological Ecology Global: Lake and stream () 225 g C / m2 / year This value is the mean net primary productivity estimate for lakes and streams worldwide.
* Streetcar line Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Street (collector) Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Street trees Nowak & Crane 2002- Carbon storage and sequestration by urban trees in the USA New York City: urban area (1996-1999) 120 g C / m2 / year
Street trees Nowak et al. 2007 New York City's Urban Forest New York City: Urban forest (1996) 0.21 short tons C per acre per year carbon sequestration rate
* Subway Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Swimming pool Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Tidal energy facility Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Traffic slowed street Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Trail Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g / m2 / year
* Tunnel Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Utility yard Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Warehouse Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Waste energy power plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Water treatment plant Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Water/wastewater storage tank Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year
* Wind farm Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 g C / m2 / year

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