ABOUT THIS PARAMETER

worker density

This is a measure of how many people there are working in a given area.

Used to calculate:workers

Varies by: use and lifestyle

UseduselifestyleReferenceLocation: Ecosystem
(study period)
ValueUnitsNotes
* Agricultural use Average American Nelson 2004- Planner's estimating guide : projecting land-use and facility needs US: all () 2.631579 persons / 1000 ft2 This value refers to the worker density of the Agriculture and Mining Industries.
* Agricultural use Average Earthling Nelson 2004- Planner's estimating guide : projecting land-use and facility needs US: all () 2.631579 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of international worker density data, we have assumed the same value for average earthling as for average American. This value refers to the worker density of the Agriculture and Mining Industries.
* Agricultural use Average New Yorker LawnSite.com 2009 How many lawns do you mow in a day? US: Lawn (2009) 3.75 persons / acre The consensus on the discussion forum at LawnSite.com is that a 2 person crew can mow 20-30 lawns per day, including travel time. Assuming 0.25 acre lawns, that works out to 2.5 - 3.75 acres / person / day
Agricultural use Average New Yorker Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 persons / 1000 ft2
* Agricultural use Eco-conscious Fletcher 1995 - The Limits of Settlement Growth: A Theoretical Outline Global: Small-scale agricultural communities () 2.296 persons / 1000 ft2 Assume to use organic, small-scale farming.
* Agricultural use Lenape Person Fletcher 1995 - The Limits of Settlement Growth: A Theoretical Outline Global: Small-scale agricultural communities () 2.296 persons / 1000 ft2 We estimated a point from the scatterplot on this page. Then we converted it from persons per acre to persons per 1000 ft2.
* Factory / industrial use Average American Fuller 2005- How to Calculate the Economic Contribution of Office, Industrial and Retail Real Estate to the Local Community US: urban landscape () 1.111111 persons / 1000 ft2
* Factory / industrial use Average Earthling Fuller 2005- How to Calculate the Economic Contribution of Office, Industrial and Retail Real Estate to the Local Community US: urban landscape () 1.111111 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of global worker density data, we have assumed the same worker density as that of the United States.
* Factory / industrial use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 6.240676 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Manhattan as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Factory / industrial use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.439711 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Brooklyn as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Factory / industrial use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.369249 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector on Staten Island as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Factory / industrial use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.655316 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Queens as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Factory / industrial use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.460284 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in the Bronx as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Factory / industrial use Eco-conscious City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 1.633047 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in each borough as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Factory / industrial use Lenape Person Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 persons / sq mile
* Garage / storage use Average American U.S. Energy Information Administration 2001- 1995 Building Activities US: all (1995) 0.578035 persons / 1000 ft2
* Garage / storage use Average Earthling U.S. Energy Information Administration 2001- 1995 Building Activities US: all (1995) 0.578035 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of global worker density data, we have assumed the same worker density as that of the United States.
* Garage / storage use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.089099 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Manhattan as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Garage / storage use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.368915 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector on Staten Island as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Garage / storage use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.462211 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Queens as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Garage / storage use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.13655 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Brooklyn as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Garage / storage use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.083056 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in the Bronx as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Garage / storage use Eco-conscious City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.227966 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in each borough as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Garage / storage use Lenape Person Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 persons / sq mile
* Hotel use Average American U.S. Energy Information Administration 1995 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Global: Commercial / Restuarant () 0.759301 persons / 1000 ft2
* Hotel use Average Earthling U.S. Energy Information Administration 1995 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Global: Commercial / Restuarant () 0.759301 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of global worker density information, we assume the same hotel worker density as that of the average American.
* Hotel use Average New Yorker U.S. Census Bureau 2010- 2010 County Business Patterns: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond New York: urban landscape (2010) 4.572689 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by comparing county business employment patterns maintained by the U.S. Census Bureau against the New York City Department of City Planning's MapPLUTO land use area database.
* Hotel use Eco-conscious U.S. Census Bureau 2010- 2010 County Business Patterns: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond New York: urban landscape (2010) 4.572689 persons / 1000 ft2 We assume the same worker density as that of the average New Yorker. This value was calculated by comparing county business employment patterns maintained by the U.S. Census Bureau against the New York City Department of City Planning's MapPLUTO land use area database.
* Hotel use Lenape Person Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 persons / 1000 ft2
* Hunter / gatherer use Average American Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 persons / 1000 ft2
* Hunter / gatherer use Average Earthling Gowdy 1998- Limited Wants, Unlimited Means Botswana: rural () 0.158302 persons / km2 This value represents the observed hunting range of the !Kung people of Botswana, a contemporary hunter-gatherer analogue to the Lenape.
* Hunter / gatherer use Average New Yorker Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 persons / 1000 ft2
* Hunter / gatherer use Eco-conscious Assumed New York City: Urban Area () 0 persons / 1000 ft2
* Hunter / gatherer use Lenape Person Sanderson 2009 Mannahatta: A Natural History of New York City Manhattan: Mannahatta () 1 persons / km2
Hunter / gatherer use Lenape Person Fletcher 1995 - The Limits of Settlement Growth: A Theoretical Outline Global: Small-scale agricultural communities () 2.296 persons / 1000 ft2 We estimated a point from the scatterplot on this page. Then we converted it from persons per acre to persons per 1000 ft2.
* Office use Average American Fuller 2005- How to Calculate the Economic Contribution of Office, Industrial and Retail Real Estate to the Local Community US: urban landscape () 4 persons / 1000 ft2
Office use Average American Miller 2012- Estimating Office Space per Worker US: urban landscape () 3.636364 persons / 1000 ft2
Office use Average American U.S. GSA 2012- Frequently Asked Questions US: urban landscape () 4.587156 persons / 1000 ft2
* Office use Average Earthling Miller 2012- Estimating Office Space per Worker US: urban landscape () 3.636364 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of global worker density data, we have assumed the same worker density as that of the United States.
* Office use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 2.11661 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Manhattan as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Office use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 1.730448 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Queens as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Office use Average New Yorker Miller 2012- Estimating Office Space per Worker US: urban landscape () 2.325581 persons / 1000 ft2
Office use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.988307 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector on Staten Island as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Office use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.995254 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Brooklyn as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Office use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.572399 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in the Bronx as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Office use Eco-conscious Miller 2012- Estimating Office Space per Worker US: urban landscape () 2.325581 persons / 1000 ft2 We are assuming that this lifestyle has the same worker densities as Average New Yorkers.
Office use Eco-conscious City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 1.280604 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in each borough as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Office use Lenape Person Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 persons / 1000 ft2
* Public assembly use Average American U.S. Energy Information Administration 2001- 1995 Building Activities US: all (1995) 0.759301 persons / 1000 ft2
* Public assembly use Average Earthling U.S. Energy Information Administration 2001- 1995 Building Activities US: all (1995) 0.759301 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of global worker density data, we have assumed the same worker density as that of the United States.
* Public assembly use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.284843 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Manhattan as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Public assembly use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.474283 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Queens as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Public assembly use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.052448 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector on Staten Island as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Public assembly use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.76585 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Brooklyn as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Public assembly use Eco-conscious City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.394356 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in each borough as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Public assembly use Lenape Person Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 persons / 1000 ft2
* Residential use Average American USDA Economic Research Service 2011- Major Uses of Land in the United States, 2007 US: all (2007) 0.003137 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by comparing U.S. Census data for total employment in the "Services in buildings and dwellings" sector against 2007 USDA ERS data on total national residential area, including both urban and rural residential area.
* Residential use Average Earthling USDA Economic Research Service 2011- Major Uses of Land in the United States, 2007 US: all (2007) 0.003137 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of global worker density data, we have assumed the same worker density as that of the United States. This value was calculated by comparing U.S. Census data for total employment in the "Services in buildings and dwellings" sector against 2007 USDA ERS data on total national residential area, including both urban and rural residential area.
* Residential use Average New Yorker U.S. Census Bureau 2010- 2010 County Business Patterns: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond New York: urban landscape (2010) 0.034174 persons / 1000 ft2 This value refers to the residential worker density of Manhattan. This value was calculated by comparing U.S. Census data on the number of workers employed in the "Services to buildings and dwellings" sector in the five New York City counties. These values were compared against MapPLUTO data on the total residential area of buildings coded as residential (BCC A0-D9).
Residential use Average New Yorker U.S. Census Bureau 2010- 2010 County Business Patterns: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond New York: urban landscape (2010) 0.003302 persons / 1000 ft2 This value refers to the residential worker density of Staten Island. This value was calculated by comparing U.S. Census data on the number of workers employed in the "Services to buildings and dwellings" sector in the five New York City counties. These values were compared against MapPLUTO data on the total residential area of buildings coded as residential (BCC A0-D9).
Residential use Average New Yorker U.S. Census Bureau 2010- 2010 County Business Patterns: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond New York: urban landscape (2010) 0.004227 persons / 1000 ft2 This value refers to the residential worker density of Queens. This value was calculated by comparing U.S. Census data on the number of workers employed in the "Services to buildings and dwellings" sector in the five New York City counties. These values were compared against MapPLUTO data on the total residential area of buildings coded as residential (BCC A0-D9).
Residential use Average New Yorker U.S. Census Bureau 2010- 2010 County Business Patterns: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond New York: urban landscape (2010) 0.002852 persons / 1000 ft2 This value refers to the residential worker density of Brooklyn. This value was calculated by comparing U.S. Census data on the number of workers employed in the "Services to buildings and dwellings" sector in the five New York City counties. These values were compared against MapPLUTO data on the total residential area of buildings coded as residential (BCC A0-D9).
Residential use Average New Yorker U.S. Census Bureau 2010- 2010 County Business Patterns: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond New York: urban landscape (2010) 0.002409 persons / 1000 ft2 This value refers to the residential worker density of the Bronx. This value was calculated by comparing U.S. Census data on the number of workers employed in the "Services to buildings and dwellings" sector in the five New York City counties. These values were compared against MapPLUTO data on the total residential area of buildings coded as residential (BCC A0-D9).
* Residential use Eco-conscious U.S. Census Bureau 2010- 2010 County Business Patterns: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond New York: urban landscape (2010) 0.034174 persons / 1000 ft2 We assume the same residential worker density of that of an average New Yorker. This value refers to the residential worker density of Manhattan. This value was calculated by comparing U.S. Census data on the number of workers employed in the "Services to buildings and dwellings" sector in the five New York City counties. These values were compared against MapPLUTO data on the total residential area of buildings coded as residential (BCC A0-D9).
* Residential use Lenape Person Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 persons / 1000 ft2
* Restaurant use Average American U.S. Energy Information Administration 2001- 1995 Building Activities US: all (1995) 1.730104 persons / 1000 ft2
* Restaurant use Average Earthling U.S. Energy Information Administration 2001- 1995 Building Activities US: all (1995) 1.730104 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of global worker density data, we have assumed the same worker density as that of the United States.
* Restaurant use Average New Yorker National Restaurant Association. 2010. NY Restaurant Industry at a Glance Manhattan : Resturant Industry () 1065 persons / km2
* Restaurant use Eco-conscious National Restaurant Association. 2010. NY Restaurant Industry at a Glance Manhattan : Resturant Industry () 1065 persons / km2 Note: Assumed to be the same as average worker density of average New Yorkers.
* Restaurant use Lenape Person Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 persons / 1000 ft2
* Retail use Average American Fuller 2005- How to Calculate the Economic Contribution of Office, Industrial and Retail Real Estate to the Local Community US: urban landscape () 2.22222 persons / 1000 ft2
Retail use Average American US Energy Star- Space Use Information - Retail Stores US: urban landscape () 1 persons / 1000 ft2
* Retail use Average Earthling US Energy Star- Space Use Information - Retail Stores US: urban landscape () 1 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of global worker density data, we have assumed the same worker density as that of the United States.
* Retail use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 1.395423 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Manhattan as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Retail use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.911753 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Brooklyn as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Retail use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.890789 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in the Bronx as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Retail use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 1.060081 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Queens as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Retail use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 1.081371 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector on Staten Island as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Retail use Eco-conscious City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 1.067884 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in each borough as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Retail use Lenape Person Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 persons / sq mile
* Transportation use Average American Nelson 2004- Planner's estimating guide : projecting land-use and facility needs US: all () 4 persons / 1000 ft2 This value refers to the worker density of the Transportation, Communication, and Utilities industries.
* Transportation use Average Earthling Nelson 2004- Planner's estimating guide : projecting land-use and facility needs US: all () 4 persons / 1000 ft2 Due to a lack of global worker density data, we have assumed the same worker density as that of the United States. This value refers to the worker density of the Transportation, Communication, and Utilities industries.
* Transportation use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.875554 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Manhattan as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Transportation use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 10.902562 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in the Bronx as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Transportation use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 0.42223 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Brooklyn as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Transportation use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 1.676603 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in Queens as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
Transportation use Average New Yorker City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 1.202136 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector on Staten Island as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Transportation use Eco-conscious City of New York Department of City Planning 2011 MapPLUTO New York: urban landscape (2003-2011) 3.015817 persons / 1000 ft2 This value was calculated by referencing the number of employees per sector in each borough as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2010) against MapPLUTO data.
* Transportation use Lenape Person Assumed New York City: Mannahatta () 0 persons / 1000 ft2

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